Boris Leroy

Maitre de Conférences, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle

Biology of Aquatic Organisms and Ecosystems
43 rue Cuvier, CP 26
75005 Paris, France

leroy.boris@@gmail.com

borisleroy.com - lab page

GitHub: Farewe - ORCID: 0000-0002-7686-4302 - RG: Boris_Leroy - @BLeroyEcology

My current research focuses on global biogeographical patterns of aquatic biodiversity and their underlying direct and indirect drivers. I investigate with various macroecological and biogeographical methods how global changes alter the natural distribution of biodiversity. My main research topics are: biogeography, macroecology, invasion biology; with a special emphasis on the development of methods, such as species distribution modelling, and facilitating community access to these methods by publishing open-source software in R.

Education

2012 Ph.D., Life Sciences, Muséum national d’histoire naturelle/Université de Rennes 1, Rennes, France

2009 M.Sc., Biodiversity, Ecology, Evolution, University of Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France

2007 B.Sc., Biology of Organisms, University of Rennes 1, Rennes, France

2004 2-year degree (DEUG), Chemistry & Physics, University of “Littoral Côte d’Opale”, Calais, France

Experience

2014-present Maître de conférences (lecturer), Lab. Biology of Aquatic Organisms & Ecosystems, Muséum national d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.

2014 Post-doctoral fellow, UMR 8079 Ecology Systematics & Evolution, University of Paris South XI, Orsay, France.

2013 Post-doctoral fellow, Lab. Biodiversity & Territory Management, University of Rennes 1, Rennes, France.

Publications

Full Publication list available here.

Journal articles

52 published peer-reviewed articles. h-index: 24; i10-index: 42

Selected publications:

2022

Bernery C, Bellard C, Courchamp F, Brosse S, Gozlan R, Jarić I, Teletchea F, Leroy B. 2022. Freshwater fish invasions: A comprehensive review. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics Preprint available here: hal-03564824

Leroy B, Kramer AV, Vaissière AC, Kourantidou M, Courchamp F, Diagne C (2022).Analysing global economic costs of invasive alien species with the invacost R package. Methods in Ecology & Evolution Preprint available here: 10.1101/2020.12.10.419432

2021

Diagne C, Leroy B, Vaissière AC, Gozlan RE, Roiz D, Jarić I, Salles JM, Bradshaw CJA & Courchamp F. 2021. High and rising economic costs of biological invasions worldwide Nature 592, pages 571–576 10.1038/s41586-021-03405-6

2020

Schickele A, Leroy B, Beaugrand G, Goberville E, Hattab T, Francour P, Raybaud V. 2020. Modelling European small pelagic fish distribution: Methodological insights. Ecological Modelling 416:108902 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2019.108902

2019

Leroy B, Dias MS, Giraud E, Hugueny B, Jézéquel C, Leprieur F, Oberdorff T, Tedesco PA. 2019. Global biogeographical regions of freshwater fish species. Journal of Biogeography, 46:2407-2419 10.1111/jbi.13674

Meynard CN, Kaplan DM, Leroy B. Testing methods in species distribution modelling using virtual species: what have we learnt and what are we missing? Ecography Special Issue: E4 award 42:2021-2036 10.1111/ecog.04385

2018

Leroy B, Delsol R, Meynard CN, Hugueny B & Bellard C. 2018. Without quality presence-absence data, discrimination metrics such as TSS can be misleading measures of model performance. Journal of Biogeography, 45:1994-2002 10.1111/jbi.13402

2017

Bellard C, Rysman J-F, Leroy B, Claud C & Mace GM. 2017. A global picture of biological invasion threat on islands. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1:1862-1869 s41559-017-0365-6

2016

Leroy B, Meynard CN, Bellard C, Courchamp F. 2016. virtualspecies: an R package to generate virtual species distributions. Ecography 39:599-607 10.1111/ecog.01388

2014

Leroy B, Bellard C, Dubos N, Colliot A, Vasseur M, Courtial C, Bakkenes M, Canard A & Ysnel F. 2014. Forecasted climate and land use changes, and protected areas: the contrasting case of spiders. Diversity and Distributions 20:686-697 10.1111/ddi.12191

2013

Leroy B, Canard A & Ysnel F. 2013. Integrating multiple scales in rarity assessments of invertebrate taxa. Diversity and Distributions 19:794-803 10.1111/ddi.12040

2012

Leroy B, Pétillon J, Gallon R, Canard A & Ysnel F. 2012. Improving occurrence-based rarity metrics in conservation studies by including multiple rarity cut-offs. Insect Conservation and Diversity 5:159-168 10.1111/j.1752-4598.2011.00148.x

Software

Leroy B., Kramer A, Vaissière AC, Diagne C. 2020-2021. invacost, package for the R software. Analyse Biological Invasion Costs with the ‘InvaCost’ Database. Published on the Comprehensive R Archive Network. Current version: 1.1-1. https://cran.r-project.org/package=invacost Open-source code repository available here: https://github.com/Farewe/invacost

Leroy B. 2019-2020. biogeonetworks, package for the R software. Biogeographical networks in R. Current version : 0.1.2. https://github.com/Farewe/biogeonetworks

Leroy B. 2014-2019. virtualspecies, package for the R software. A package to generate virtual species distribution for improvements of modeling techniques. Published on the Comprehensive R Archive Network. Current version : 1.5.1. http://borisleroy.com/virtualspecies

Leroy B. 2012-2019. Rarity, package for the R software. A package to calculate rarity indices for species and assemblages of species. Published on the Comprehensive R Archive Network. Current version : 1.3-6. https://cran.r-project.org/package=Rarity

Expertise

2015-2018 Lead Author, Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity & Ecosystem Services, Europe and Central Asia Assessment

Expertise reports

2022

Ramiro-Sánchez B, Martin A, Leroy B. 2022. Progress report on Consultancy on VME mapping. Southern Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement consultancy report. 33 pp.

Ramiro-Sánchez B, Leroy B. 2021. Progress report - SIOFA bioregionalisation and VME mapping Southern Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement consultancy report. 24 pp.

2021 Manfrini E, Leroy B, Diagne C, Soubeyran Y, Sarat E & Courchamp F. 2021. Les coûts économiques des invasions biologiques en France. Synthèse à l’intention des décideurs. Rapport MNHN/Université Paris Saclay/ IUCN, Paris, France.

Ramiro-Sánchez B, Martin A, Leroy B. 2021. SIOFA Vulnerable Marine Ecosystem Mapping. Southern Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement consultancy report. 23 pp.

Ramiro-Sánchez B, Leroy B. 2021. Inception report - SIOFA bioregionalisation and VME mapping. Southern Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement consultancy report. 11 pp.

Bourgouin A, Ramiro Sánchez B, Selles J, Favreau A, Péron C, Corbari C, Bourguignon P, Lozouet P, Le Gall L, Sergi S, Devilliers R, Martin A, Pagniez C, Guéné M, Leroy B. 2021. Cartographie prédictive des biorégions benthiques autour des îles Saint-Paul et Amsterdam. 28 pp.

2019 Araignous E., Beaugrand G., Ben Rais Lasram F., Bourdaud P., Champagnat J., Dauvin J.-C., Grangeré K., Halouani G., Haraldsson M., Hattab T., Le Loc’h F., Leroy B., Lejart M., Niquil N., Nogues Q., Pagot J.-P., Raoux A., Safi, G. et Villanueva C. Recommandations pour une approche écosystémique des aires d’implantation d’énergies marines renouvelables. Cas d’étude du parc éolien offshore de Courseulles-sur-mer. Plouzané. France Energies Marines Editions, 2019, 60 pages. Edition : Juin 2019

2018 IPBES (2018), The IPBES regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for Europe and Central Asia. Rounsevell, M., Fischer, M., Torre-Marin Rando, A. and Mader, A. (eds.). Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany. 892 pages.

Koubbi P, Godet C, Robuchon M, Leroy B, Serandour B, Cotté C. (2018) H2020 MESOPP (« Mesopelagic Southern Ocean Prey and Predators ») MESOPP, Deliverable 4.6: Atlas of the main mesopelagic fish in the Southern Ocean

2015 Picard L. & Leroy B. 2015. Inventaire des coléoptères aquatiques des mares de Basse-Normandie en vue de l’application d’un indice biologique. Rapport de synthèse 2011-2014. Rapport GRETIA pour le Conseil régional de Basse-Normandie, les Conseils généraux du Calvados, de la Manche et de l’Orne, et l’Agence de l’eau Seine-Normandie. 103 pp. + annexes.

2014 Privet K., Canard A., Courtial C., Djoudi E.A., Leroy B., Vedel, V. & Pétillon J. 2014. Les araignées de la Réserve Naturelle Nationale des Nouragues : Facteurs de variations des assemblages et premier inventaire. Rapport pour la Réserve Naturelle des Nouragues, Guyane Française, 23p

Grants and funding

Research funding

2021-2023 1.5-year research project, Southern Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement, Indian Ocean, 60 000€.
Defining priority areas for conservation of Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems in the Indian Ocean.

2021 Expertise project, Planification de l’extension de la réserve Naturelle de Saint Paul et Amsterdam, Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises, ~20k€.

2020-2022 2-year research project, Southern Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement, Indian Ocean, 96 000€.
Mapping the biogeography of Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems in the Indian Ocean.

2017–2019 2-year research project Labex, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, France, 100 000€.
Co-PI with Sarah Samadi & Maud Mouchet.
Valuing natural history collections and naturalist expeditions for the conservation and management of deep sea habitats: the Tropical Deep Sea Benthos program.

2017–2019 2-year research project Labex, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, France, 100 000€.
Co-PI with Sandrine Pavoine.
New indicators for biodiversity conservation based on phylogenetic originality and extinction risks : HEDGE and LEDGE species.

2016-2019 3-year research project, ANR/France Energies Marines, France.
PI: Nathalie Niquil.
TROPHIK project: Ecosystemic approach of Renewable Marine Energies: Modelling the role of offshore windfarms in modifying coastal trophic network functionning and cumulated impacts of other drivers of change.

Teaching

Main courses

2018-present Master’s degree, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France.

2015-present Doctoral school, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France.

Short courses

2016 Spring school, Aix-Marseille University, Barcelonette, France.
- - Statistical course in R

2014-2018 Master’s degree, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Sorbonne Universités - - Modelling and statistics

2010-2013 Bachelor’s degree, University of Rennes 1, Rennes, France. - - Aquatic Ecology - - Animal Biodiversity - - Statistics

Online courses

2020 The INVACOST R Package: Global Costs of Biological Invasions Online tutorial

2019 Biogeographical networks in R, Online tutorial

2014, 2019 The virtualspecies R package: a complete tutorial, Online tutorial

Supervision

Postdoctoral researchers

2020-2022 Berta Ramiro-Sánchez, BOREA, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Mapping the biogeography of Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems in the Indian Ocean.

2018-2019 Lissette Victorero, BOREA, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Co-supervised with Sarah Samadi & Maud Mouchet.
Tropical Deep Sea Benthos project.

2017-2019 Marine Robuchon, BOREA, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Co-supervised with Sandrine Pavoine.
Phylogenetic originality project.

2017-2018 Juliette Delavenne, BOREA, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Co-supervised with Sarah Samadi & Maud Mouchet.
Tropical Deep Sea Benthos project.

2017 Tarek Hattab, Oceanography & Geoscience lab, Université du Littoral Côté d’Opale, Wimereux, France. Co-supervised with Grégory Beaugrand.
Trophik project.

Doctoral students

2019-present Camille Bernery, Ecology, Systematics, Evolution, Université Paris-Saclay, Orsay, France.
Co-supervised with Franck Courchamp & Céline Bellard
Biological invasions of freshwater fishes.

Engineers

2021 Andéol Bourgouin, Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises, Paris, France.
Bioregionalisation of the Saint-Paul Amsterdam EEZ in the Indian Ocean for the delineation of Marine Protected Areas.

Master students

2022 Cam Ly Rintz, Master 2, Université Paris-Saclay, AgroParisTech, Paris, France.
Co-supervised with Berta Ramiro Sanchez

2021

Eléna Manfrini, Master 1, Université Paris-Saclay, Orsay, France.
Co-supervised with Franck Courchamp & Christophe Diagne

2020

Chloé Bahuaut, 2nd year engineering school, Agrocampus Ouest, Rennes, France
Co-supervised with Eric Goberville, Nathalie Niquil, Juliette Fauchot

2019 Camille Bernery, Master 2, University of Rennes 1, Rennes, France.
Co-supervised with Franck Courchamp

Jules Coignard, 2nd year engineering school, The National Institute of Agronomy, Toulouse, France
Co-supervised with Lissette Victorero

2018 Baptiste Sérandour, Master 2, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France.
Co-supervised with Philippe Koubbi

2017 Claire Godet, Master 2, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France.
Co-supervised with Philippe Koubbi, Marine Robuchon & Cédric Cotté

Thierry Jouhanique, Master 2, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France.
Co-supervised with Tarek Hattab

Marius Delomosne, Master 2, University Nice Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France
Co-supervised with Marine Robuchon, Eric Feunteun & Tristan Dimeglio

2016 Emilien Giraud, Master 2, University of Rouen, Rouen, France.
Co-supervised with Pablo Tedesco & Thierry Oberdorff

Chéïma Barhoumi, Master 2, University Paris South XI, Orsay, France.
Co-supervised with Morgane Barbet-Massin

Valentina Cima, Master 2, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Co-supervised with Isabelle Witté

Ophélie Silvio, Master 1, Université Pierre & Marie Curie, Paris, France.
Co-supervised with Tristan Diméglio, Eric Feunteun & Marine Robuchon

2015 Robin Delsol, Master 2, University of Rennes 1, Rennes, France.
Co-supervised with Céline Bellard

Undergraduate interns

2019 Rémy Le Goff, Licence 2, Sorbonne University, Paris, France

2017 Samuel Lu, Licence 3, Sorbonne University, Paris, France

PhD committees

2020-present Fabien Verniest, Centre d’Ecologie et des Sciences de la Conservation, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Concarneau, France

2019-present Zheng Han, Centre d’Ecologie et des Sciences de la Conservation, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

Quentin Noguès, Biology of Aquatic Organism & Ecosystems, University of Caen-Normandy, Caen, France

Alice Monnier, Centre d’Ecologie et des Sciences de la Conservation, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

Mélissa Hanafi-Portier, Laboratoire Environnement Profond, IFREMER, Brest, France

2017-2020 Céline Jézéquel, Evolution & Diversité Biologique, Institute for Sustainable Development, Toulouse, France

2018-2020 Marie Le Marchand, Laboratory of Environmental Marine Sciences, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France

2018 Alice Fournier, Laboratory Ecology Systematics & Evolution, University Paris South XI, Orsay, France

2016-2018 Katyana Vert Pré, Biology of Aquatic Organism & Ecosystems, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Dinard, France

2014–2017 Nicolas Dubos, Centre d’Ecologie et des Sciences de la Conservation, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

Professional service

2015-present Evaluation committee, Master programs, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France

2010-present Referee. Journals: African Journal of Ecology, Arachnologische Mitteilungen, Biological Invasions, Diversity & Distributions, Ecography, Ecological modelling, Ecology & Evolution, Ecology Letters, Environmental Modelling & Software, Freshwater Science, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Global Ecology & Biogeography, Global Ecology & Conservation, International Journal of Geographic Information Science, Journal of Applied Ecology, Journal of Biogeography, Journal of Insect Conservation, PeerJ, PLoS one, Science China Life Sciences, Systematics & Biodiversity.

Research project proposals: Agence Nationale pour la Recherche.

2019-present Associate Editor. Diversity & Distributions

Academic service

2017-2019 Leader, group Biodiversity & Macroecology, Lab. Biology of Aquatic Organisms & Ecosystems, Muséum national d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.

Outreach

2021 Press Multiple interviews on the themes of biological invasions, climate change and modelling (Science News, Polytechnique Insights, France TV info, Radio la 1ère//Planète Outre-Mer, Science & Vie)

2018 Press Fighting fake news about science
Le rapport du Giec sur le climat «bourré d’erreurs»? Une intox aux arguments fragiles

2017 Guest lectures, 4th IMPRESS training workshop, Marie Sklodowska Curie Action Innovative Training network, Chanteuges, France. Two lectures given: Aquatic biogeography and applications to conservation. and The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).

2015 Public lecture for COP21, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Protection of threatened spiders in the face of climate change

Outreach video for COP 21, Muséum national d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
(in French) Des études pour tester des scénarios des conséquences du réchauffement sur la faune


Last updated: Jun 2022